General Profile of India

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INDIA TODAY

Area: 3,287,623 sq km (1,269,219 sq miles) Country comparison to the world: 7
Land: 2,973,193 sq km
Water: 314,070 sq km.
Population: 1,136,000,000 (Sept 2007 est, 2nd in the world)
Capital City: New Delhi
Languages:The official language of India is Hindi, written in the Devanagariscript and spoken by some 30% of the population as a first language. Since 1965, English has been recognised as an 'associated language'. Inaddition there are 18 main and regional languages recognised foradoption as official state languages.

Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India

Religions: India is a secular state and freedom of religion is protected under theConstitution. The main religious groups are Hindus (81.3%), Muslims(12%), Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%).
Currency: Rupee
Government: United Progressive Alliance, a Congress-led coalition.
Head of State: President Pratibha Patil
Prime Minister: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Foreign Minister: S.M. Krishna
Membership of international groupings/organisations:Commonwealth; United Nations and the United Nations Human RightsCouncil; World Trade Organisation; South Asian Association for RegionalCo-operation (SAARC); ASEAN (dialogue partner); G4.

Party to International Agreement: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling.

Airports: 349 (2009) Country comparison to the world: 23

Railways: Total: 64,015 km. Country comparison to the world: 4 broad gauge: 52,808 km 1.676-m gauge (18,172 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 8,473 km 1.000-m gauge; 2,734 km 0.762-m gauge and 0.610-m gauge (2009)

Roadways: Total: 3,320,410 km (includes 200 km of expressways) (2009). Country comparison to the world: 3

Waterways: 14,500 km. Country comparison to the world: 9 note: 5,200 km on major rivers and 485 km on canals suitable for mechanized vessels (2008)


Last Updated on Monday, 04 October 2010 09:57

 


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