Dudhwa National Park

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The wildlife sanctuary of an area of 490 km² core, 124 km² buffer comprising of Dudhwa, Satiana and Sonaripur sanctuaries in the Lakhimpur District of Uttar Pradesh was established in 1958. In 1977, the sanctuary was converted to a national park and in 1988 as a tiger reserve. The Dudhwa National Park lies on the India-Nepal border in the foothills of the Himalaya and the plains of the ‘terai’. The main attractions of the park are its Swamp Deer of population over 1,600 and tiger (population 98 in 1995). The park is famous for the efforts of ‘Billy’ Arjan Singh, one of India’s leading conservationists, who was instrumental in the creation of Dudhwa as a sanctuary of the Swamp Deer.

The areas of the park are reminiscent of the forests of Bardia on the Nepal side, with huge Sal trees, tall termite mounds, patches of riverine forests and large open grasslands with the River Suheli is in the southern boundary. In the mid 1980s, Indian Rhinoceros was brought from Assam and Nepal and reared in Dudhwa. The park has a rich bird life, with over 350 species, including the Swamp Francolin, Great Slaty Woodpecker and Bengal Florican. This apart, the migratory birds viz. painted storks, black and white necked storks, Saras-Cranes, woodpeckers, barbets, kingfishers, minivans, bee-eaters, bulbuls and varied night birds of prey are also seen.

Major Attractions:

Barasinghas: Passing through open grasslands, one can spot herd of these rare animals. Around half of the surviving population of Barasinghas is found in the park. These animals are smaller than sambar and weigh around 180 kg. The barasinghas have 12 antlers that measure up to 100 cm. Due to their slightly woolly, dark brown to pale yellow cloak, the grasslands acts as the perfect camouflage.

Elephant Rides: The spotting of animals and birds in their natural habitation, and that too sitting on top of an Indian elephant is an experience to treasure for a long time.

Other places of tourists’ interest:

En route to Dudhwa, the unique Frog Temple at Oyal can also be visited. The only one of its kind in India, it was built by the former Maharajas of the Oyal state in the district of Lakhimpur-Kheri. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the base of the stone temple is built in the shape of a large frog. The temple is at a distance of 10 km from Hargaon on the route to Lakhimpur-Kheri and Dudhwa.

Built in the Indo-Saracenic style by the rulers of the Singhai state, Surat Bhawan Palace is one of the famous palaces of the Terai area. Not far from the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve on the Lakhimpur-Nighasan-Dudhwa route.

The tourists can visit the village of Tharu Tribes.


The tourists can visit the forest from mid November to mid June. However, the best period is from February to April. The rest of the time, the Park remains closed to the visitors.

Accommodation: The forest department has arranged the accommodation facilities for the tourists in cottages. The food is alos available at the forest canteen. The booking can be done from the office of the Project Tiget at Lakhimpur, UP.

How to reach:

Drive from Delhi (8–9 hours) or take the train to Shahjehanpur and drive to Dudhwa (3 hours). Alternatively fly to Lucknow and drive to Dudhwa (245 km, 6 hours).

Nearest Railway Station: Dudwa (4 km.), Palia- Kalan (10 km.), Mailani (37 km.)

Nearest Airport: Lucknow, Dhangarhi (Nepal, 35 km.)



Last Updated on Friday, 13 August 2010 02:00