Bio-Sphere Reserve

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Biosphere reserves

The Government of India has established 15 Biosphere Reserves which protect larger areas of natural habitat (areas larger than a National Park or Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life.

Seven of the fifteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list

1.  Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
2.  Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve
3.  Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve
4.  Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve
5.  Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
6.  Nokrek Biosphere Reserve
7.  Simlipal Biosphere Reserve

List of Bio-sphere Reserves in India (largest area first):

 

State

Name  & Year

Location & area in Sq. Km.

1

Gujarat

Kachchh 2008

Part of Kuchh , Rajkot and Surendranagar District. 12454

2

Tamil Nadu

Gulf of Mannar 1989

Indian part of Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka. 10500

3

West Bengal

Sunderbans 1989

Part of delta of Ganges and Barahamaputra river system. 9630

4

Uttranchal

Nanda Devi 1988

Part of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District & Almora District. 5860

5

Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

Nilgiri 1986

Part of Wynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and  Siruvani Hills. 5520

6

Arunachal Pradesh

Dehang Debang 1998

Part of Siang and Debang valley. 5112

7

Madhya Pradesh

Pachmarhi 1999

Part of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara districts. 4926

8

Orissa

Similipal 1994

Part of Mayurbhanj district. 4374

9

Chhatisgarh,
Madhya Pradesh

Achanakamar - Amarkantak 2005

Part of Anuppur, Dindori and Bilaspur districts. 3835

10

Assam

Manas 1989

Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup   and Darrang District. 2837

11

Sikkim

Kanchanjunga 2000

Parts of Kanchanjunga Hills. 2620

12

Kerala

Agasthyamalai 2001

Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas. 1701

13

Andaman &
Nicobar Islands

Great Nicobar 1989

Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 885

14

Meghalaya

Nokrek 1988

Part of Garo Hills. 820

15

Assam

Dibru-Saikhowa 1997

Part of Dibrugarh District and Tinsukia District. 765

Last Updated on Friday, 26 February 2010 21:55

 


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