Mangroves

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Mangrove Forests

Mangroves are trees and shrubs that grow in saline coastal habitats in the tropics and subtropics – mainly between latitudes 25° N and 25° S. The trees can tolerate the saline conditions caused by brackish water and through pure seawater (30 to 40 ppt), to water of over twice the salinity of ocean seawater, where the salt has become concentrated by evaporation (up to 90 ppt). There are many species of trees and shrubs adapted to such saline conditions. Not all are closely related, and the term "mangrove" may be used for all of them, or more narrowly only for the mangrove family of plants, the Rhizophoraceae, or even more specifically just for mangrove trees of the genus Rhizophora.

Mangroves form a characteristic of saline woodland or shrubland habitat, called mangrove swampmangrove forestmangrove or mangal. Mangals are found in depositional coastal environments where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high energy wave action. They occur both in estuaries and along open coastlines. Mangroves dominate about three quarters of tropical coastlines.

Name

State

West Coast

 

1

Gulf of Khambat

Gujarat

2

Gulf of Kutchh

Gujarat

3

Malvan

Maharashtra

4

Vasasi-Manori

Maharashtra

5

Vaitarna

Maharashtra

6

Shreevardhan

Maharashtra

7

Vikroli

Maharashtra

8

Mumbra-Diva

Maharashtra

9

Kundalika-Ravdana

Maharashtra

10

Veldur

Maharashtra

11

Devgarh-Vijay Dur

Maharashtra

12

Achra-Ratnagiri

Maharashtra

13

Karwar

Karnataka

14

Dakshin Kannada / Honnavar

Karnataka

15

Coondapur

Karnataka

16

Vembanad

Kerala

East Coast

 

17

Sunderbans

West Bengal

18

Bhaitarkanika

Orissa

19

Mahanadi

Orissa

20

Subernarekha

Orissa

21

Devi

Orissa

22

Dhamra

Orissa

23

Bhitarkanika

Orissa

24

Chilka

Orissa

25

Coringa

Andhra Pradesh

26

East Godavari

Andhra Pradesh

27

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

28

Pichavaram

Tamil Nadu

29

Muthupet

Tamil Nadu

30

Ramnad

Tamil Nadu

31

Pulicat

Tamil Nadu

32

Kazhuveli

Tamil Nadu

33

North Andamans

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

34

Nicobar

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

 


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